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WigJig Newsletter for May 1, 2012
Videos: We have posted a new video in our WigJig Jewelry Channel on You Tube, The new video is called Video 1 -- Cutting, Straightening and Bending Wire. You can visit the WigJig Jewelry Channel on You Tube by selecting here, or visiting the following URL:
Please bookmark this site and tell your friends. We believe that these videos will be very helpful to beginners to using a jewelry making jig. Our new video is intended to be the first video that a newcomer to working with wire would watch, but it also has some tips that will be worthwhile for people with more experience.
WigJig Newsletter Format: We are experimenting with different formats for our WigJig Newsletter. This month's format is quite a bit different from last month's. If you would like to provide us feedback on our newsletter format please send us an e-mail.
Special Sale for Newsletter Subscribers: We are also going to offer a special sale for our newsletter subscribers. If you place an order on Friday, May 4th and send us an e-mail with the Internet Order Number of your order, we will discount all non-sale priced items in the order by 10%. This is just for people reading our newsletter who place an order on Friday and send us an e-mail with their order number. Please send the e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please note that our store won't include this 10% discount. This is something we have to do manually after we receive your order but before we charge your credit card. Please allow for this discount when considering our waived shipping for an order over $60. Please include $66 in your order so that you will have the shipping waived after the discount. (We won't allow the shipping to increase the price of the order, but if you order between $60 and $66 in merchandise, your discount would only be 5% and the shipping would be waived.) Please note that the 10% discount won't apply to items already on sale. For those items you would receive the sale price.
New Jewelry Design: Our new jewelry design for this newsletter is the design for the chain shown made in copper wire at right. We like to call this chain -- Commercial Chain, because the first person to view this completed project made one comment when she viewed this. Her comment was simply "Did you make this chain? It looks like you bought it." That was exactly the comment we were striving for when we developed this project. We got the idea for this project while taking an order on the telephone from a customer who wanted to purchase some commercial chain made out of copper. This project is the result of that conversation.
The tools required for this project are fine step jaw pliers, flush cutter, nylon jaw pliers, two pair of chain nose or bent chain nose pliers and a WigJig jewelry making jig. The materials required are about 8 feet of 20 gauge wire.
Our step-by-step instructions for making this chain are rather detailed, because that detail represents how we improved the chain as we developed the techniques for making the chain. This is an advanced beginner's jewelry making project.
Step 1: Using your nylon jaw pliers, straighten a segment of 20 gauge wire that is over 2 1/4 inches long. Soft wire will work, but half-hard wire would work better. To make a chain that is 18 inches long you will need 36 segments of wire (about 7 feet of wire total. You will also need an additional 10 inches of the same wire to make your clasp and catch.)
Step 2: Using your flush cutter, cut the wire to a length of 2 1/4 inch.
Step 3: Using your Fine Step Jaw Pliers, make a partial loop in the sharp end of the wire. This is one of the few times where you make a loop with a gap in it and you use the sharp end of the wire. See the picture below-left. The reason you use the sharp end of the wire and only make a partial loop is that this loop is what we call a sacrificial loop and will be cut off the finished wire component.
Step 4: Select your jig and position five regular pegs in your jig as shown below-center. We used the WigJig Delphi or Centaur for this project because the smaller pegs and closer spaced holes made links in the chain which were smaller and more delicate. You can use the WigJig Olympus or Olympus Lite, but the resulting chain would end up being larger.
Step 5: Place the loop in the 2 1/4 segment of wire on peg 1 in the pattern, orientated as shown below-right.
Step 6: With the tip of your index finger on your dominant hand, push the wire up and against peg 3 as shown below-left. You can remove peg 3 to help, by pushing the wire beyond peg 3 and then letting it relax back into the position shown.
Step 7: Push the wire around peg 3 as shown below-center.
Step 8: Lift the wire so that it can pass between peg 2 and peg 4 and then push the wire until it rests against peg 5 as shown below-right. You can remove peg 5 as described with peg 3 in step 6.
Step 9: Push the wire around peg 5 as shown below-left.
Step 10: Push the wire between peg 4 and peg 2 as shown below-center.
Step 11: To help make your wire component as consistently as possible, use your chain nose or bent chain nose pliers to squeeze the wire as shown below-right. Squeeze both ends as shown. Your goal is that the wire should be straight and resting tightly against pegs 2 through 5.
Step 12: Now remove peg 1 and lift the initial loop until it is vertical. See the picture below-left. By performing this step before removing the wire from the jig, you are helping to make the link as consistently as possible.
Step 13: Remove the wire from the jig and the wire component should appear as shown below-center.
Step 14: Connect the wire component to the previous link in the chain. If this is the first link in your chain, you can connect the wire component to your clasp or catch. (We recommend that you make your own catch or clasp as described here.)
Step 15: After you have connected one end of your wire component to the prior link in the chain you are ready to wrap that link closed. First, grasp the wire component with your bent chain nose pliers as shown below-left.
Step 16: While holding the link firmly in your pliers, push the wire around 180 degrees as shown below center. At this point you do not need to push the wire down flat, we will cut the end of the wire off before we push the wire down to its final position. See the picture below-center. Please note that having the wire raised slightly will make it easier to cut in a later step.
Step 17: Now we are ready to wrap the second end of the link closed. First, grasp the wire with your chain nose pliers as shown below-right.
Step 18: Since we initially bent this end of the wire component up in Step 12, we only need to push the end of the wire about 90 degrees. Again, don't push the wire all the way flat. You want the wire raised slightly so that it will be easier to cut in Step 19.
Step 19: Using your flush cutter, cut the excess wire from both ends. Please note that if you cut the end of the wire and leave too much wire on your wire component, that the cut end of the wire will stick out and will feel sharp to the wearer. Cut the wire so that after bending the wire flat, the end of the wire does not extend beyond the edge of the overall wire component. This is a case where cutting a little shorter might be better.
Step 20: At this point we are ready to bend the cut ends of the wire down flat on both sides of your wire component. See the picture below-center for how the wire component should appear after the ends have been flattened. In order to push the cut end of the wire flat, first grasp that end of the link with your bent chain nose pliers as shown in Step 15 or 17 above, then with a second pair of chain nose pliers push and squeeze the end of the wire until it is flat. When done properly, the link should feel smooth with nothing sticking out.
Step 21: When you have completed your 36 links of chain and are ready to attach the final catch or clasp, you will need to modify the approach on the final link described in Step 16 above. Instead of wrapping that link closed, you will need to attach your catch or clasp before wrapping that last link closed. With the wire in the position shown for step 16 above connect the clasp or catch as shown below-right, then wrap the last link closed.
Step 22: You can view our completed Commercial Chain made out of 20 gauge copper wire at right. You can use this chain as is. You can add beads to the chain. You can add a gemstone pendant, or you can use 3 or 4 links of this chain, each of different lengths, to make an earring. If you decide to make an earring out of several links of this chain, connect a bead dangle to the bottom of each link of chain, with a relatively large bead (8mm or larger).
We hope you like this project.
What to do with Scrap Wire: When using sterling silver, gold, or silver-filled or gold-filled wire you are working with a precious metal. The scraps of wire left over after a project is done, individually don't have much value, but collectively, they can be very valuable. With gold and silver near all time high prices, scrap wire can be very valuable. Last month, we collected about 10 years of scrap wire and sent it to Rio Grande. We had about 6 ounces of gold-filled wire and 5 ounces of sterling silver wire. With almost no issues, Rio Grande paid us over $300 for the wire scraps. It is important to separate your wire by type. Keep sterling silver separated from silver-filled. Keep gold separated from gold-filled and keep gold separated from silver. Rio Grande will melt your wire and refine it to the point where they can separate the precious metal from the copper and less expensive metals. Don't expect to get your scraps back, but do expect that Rio will send you an e-mail within one week with the value of your wire scraps and once you approve, in a second week, they will send you a check. We were very pleased with the results. Here is a web page that describes the process:
WigJig Web Site and Store: Our anticipation is that we will upgrade our web site and Internet store during the month of May 2012. This may be pushed back if we can't overcome a few small problems, but we are very close to an entirely new view of WigJig. For those of you who are familiar with our old format for our website, that format will still be available at the following web address:
This should be relatively easy to remember, just replace the "www" with "west".
Thank you for your continued interest in our WigJig Newsletter.
View Prior Newsletters
2010 Beads, Jewelry Tools & Jewelry Making Supplies by WigJig
Jewelry Making Newsletter
Beads, Jewelry Tools & Jewelry Making Supplies by WigJig Jewelry Making Newsletter