WigJig Dictionary of Beads and Jewelry Making Terms

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Jewelry  Making Terms -- G

girdle The girdle is the widest part of a cut and faceted gemstone.  Please see the picture at right.  Select here for more information the parts of a cut and faceted gemstone. Parts of a Cut and Faceted Gemstone - Jewelry Making Information
glass Glass is generally a silica compound combines with boric oxide, aluminum oxide or phosphorus pentoxide.  By using heat, glass can be formed into many shapes and is used extensively in the manufacture of beads.  Glass Beads
glass pearls Glass pearls are simulated pearls made from adding a pearl like coating onto a glass bead.  Glass Pearl Beads

gold

Gold is the 79th element in the periodic table of the elements.  Because gold is relatively rare, it is considered to be valuable.  Gold is a corrosion resistant element and for this reason is used frequently in more expensive jewelry.  Gold Jewelry Making Wire
gold-filled Gold-filled is a product of the process of physically combining a thin alloy of gold with a gold-tone base metal.  The base metal adds strength and is fabricated so that it is on the inside of the wire or sheet metal.  The gold alloy on the outside provides the color, corrosion resistance and permanence of real gold.  The combination of the gold alloy on the outside and the gold tone metal on the inside where it can not be seen allows jewelry designers to make gold-filled jewelry at a fraction of the cost of solid gold, but with the look and feel of solid gold.  Most gold-filled wire is made of 5% gold alloy and the remainder is gold tone metal.  Gold-Filled Jewelry Making Wire
gold-plated Gold plating is an electro-chemical process of coating a conductive metal wire with a very thin layer of 24 carat gold.  The layer of gold in the plating is 1 to 2 molecules of gold thick.  Over time, this thin layer of gold can be worn off by abrasion, making gold-plating best used in items that receive limited wear and tear.  Gold-Plated Jewelry Making Wire
Griffin Griffin is a brand of bead stringing thread made of silk or nylon.  Griffin Bead Stringing Thread
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