WigJig Dictionary of Beads and Jewelry Making Terms

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Jewelry  Making Terms -- C

carat:  Carat is a unit of weight in gemstones generally equal to 200 milligrams.  Bling Gemstones and Cubic Zirconia

chain nose pliers

Chain nose pliers have straight, tapered jaws with a flat smooth inner surface.  They are used for grasping and holding wire while minimizing the marks left on the wire.  View chain nose pliers here. Pliers Jewelry Making Hand Tools
chasing hammer A chasing hammer is a special type of hammer that is made with a very smooth flat face to hammer and flatten wire.  Hammering the wire is frequently used to harden the wire.  The smooth flat face minimizes the marking of the wire while hammering.  View chasing hammers here. Chasing Hammer Jewelry Making Tools
copper Copper is the 29th element in the periodic table of elements.  It is a soft metal that conducts heat and electricity very well.  It is frequently drawn into wire that is used for electrical conductors or for making jewelry.  Copper Jewelry Making Wire
crimp/
crimping
Crimping is the process of squeezing small crimp beads to hold bead stringing thread or wire.  Often a loop in the bead stringing material is made by passing the stringing material through the crimp bead, then through a finding like a clasp, and finally back through the crimp bead.  The crimped bead connects the bead stringing material to the clasp with a permanent connection.  Special bead crimping pliers are often used to facilitate crimping.  This process can be viewed here. Crimp Beads Jewelry Making Finding
crown The crown is the angled portion of the face of a cut and faceted gemstone.  See the picture at right.  Select here to view more information on the parts of a cut and faceted gemstone Gemology - Jewelry Making Terms for Making Gemstone Jewelry
crystal Crystal is a higher grade of glass with added lead.  The lead adds both brilliance (light reflectivity) and strength.  Swarovsky Crystal Glass Beads
Crystal Pearls Crystal Pearls are a simulate pearl bead made by Swarovski.  The are among the best quality of the artificial pearls.  The core of a Crystal Pearl bead is crystal glass.  The outside is a simulated pearl coating.  Swarovski Crystal Pearl Beads
cup bur A cup bur is a tool used to remove the burs or small imperfections on the end of a cut wire segment.  The cup bur has a small cup that had diamond dust glued to the inside to act as the abrasive agent that in effect removes the burs on the wire leaving a smooth, rounded end.  This process is very important when making ear wires.  View cup bur tools here. Cup Bur Jewelry Making Tool
culet The culet is the bottom or pointed part of a cut and faceted gemstone.  See the picture at right.  Select here to view more information on the parts of a cut and faceted gemstone Gemology - Jewelry Making Terms for Making Gemstone Jewelry
curb (chain) The curb style of chain is a way of making a chain with twisted links so that the chain will lie flat as shown at right.  Curb Jewelry Making Chain
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